Research Focus - Type 2 Diabetes
A 2019 study involving over 100 individuals with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) has found that dietary interventions over a 2 year period can put this condition into remission. Improved blood glucose and weight reduction was found in this method when compared to “usual” interventions for the chronic disease. Additional financial benefits were reported when compared to alternative treatments such as medication and gastric bypass surgery. While weight loss can probably be considered a catalyst for the positive health marker changes for NIDDM, not all participants experienced a significant weight loss (i.e. over 15kgs), indicating a few possibilities:
1. That dietary changes are a more important focus than weight loss.
2. That even small amounts of weight loss can improve NIDDM markers (Blood Glucose levels) or
3. A combination of focus on weight loss/maintenance and improved dietary habits can lead to positive health changes.
Those who have a strong familial link to Type 2 Diabetes, should consider food habits and body mass index when choosing preventative pathways. Those with a strong family history that are a normal BMI should still be mindful of dietary choices due to the many risk factors involved. While these risk factors are nothing new, it’s nice to know that these results stay relevant as the research in this area continuously evolves.
Author’s note: Dietary interventions for NIDDM in this study were implemented and closely monitored by health professionals for quality purposes as well as wellbeing of the participants. Always seek professional advice before embarking on significant lifestyle changes aiming to improve chronic disease.